Community factories in the Kpandu District
The objective of the study is to examine and assess the adequacy of selected community facilities in the Kpandu district and to investigate how far the enjoyment of these facilities is restricted by location, accessibility, income level and tradition of the community for which the facility id being provided. Further to suggest a more effective way of distributing these facilities to be of optimum service. The health service is chosen for particular study for a number of reasons. Firstly it is the critical facility that every community of whatever size or status demands; secondly it offers a hierarchy of establishments from the Regional Hospital to the Dressing station, similar to the hierarchy of communities in the region; thirdly, distribution, although fairly widespread, is uneven compared, for example, with the distribution of schools where every settlement or small group of settlements has a primary school; and fourthly, it appeared to offer the most consistent records for research. Education and open space are also felt to be important in fostering both the mental and physical health of the community and in this context these facilities have been additionally considered in this study. These community facilities have to be distributed for the optimum service of the communities for which they are provided and in order to do this an index is required as a guide to distribution. This is the function of planning standards. They provide the guide lines for the provision of facilities such as markets, shops, workshops, places worship public buildings, schools and local recreational open spaces. These standards are intended to ensure disciplined programming, planning and designing of the community facilities. The Town and Country Planning division, now the Physical Planning Department of the ministry of Economic Affairs has outlined standards to be used for the purposes of providing community facilities inn its traditional memoranda No. 5 These are stated to be “based on figures primarily intended for Accra and are, therefore subject to variation for schemes on very hilly sites where open space standards must necessarily be higher for geographical reasons. Under these circumstances, residential densities may be proportionally higher though no increase in gross density should be allowed. The Planner however, in using standards such as these has to apply them flexibly in order to achieve the aims and objectives of the plan.
A thesis Presented to the Faculty of Architecture of University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Urban Planning, 1967