Browsing by Author "Dogbe, Joslin Alexei"
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- ItemAccess to employment in Kenya: the voices of persons with disabilities(De Gruyter, 2016-06-22) Opoku, Maxwell Peprah; Mprah, Wisdom Kwadwo; Dogbe, Joslin Alexei; Moitui, Joash Norman; Badu, EricIntroduction: Unemployment is one of the major challenges facing persons with disabilities worldwide. Persons with disabilities experience significantly high rates of unemployment compared with the general population, and are often employed in low-paid jobs. This could indicate a missing link in identifying employment opportunities and impeding factors to the opportunities. This study examined access to employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in the Nairobi County in Kenya. Method: An exploratory study design, using qualitative methods, was conducted with three categories of persons with disabilities: the physically disabled, the visually impaired, and the hearing impaired. A convenient sampling was used to recruit 30 participants from five constituencies in Embakasi in the Nairobi County. Findings: The study found that access to employment for persons with disabilities in the study area was limited. Factors responsible for the high unemployment include inaccessible information on employment, negative attitudes, inaccessible physical environment, low educational attainment of persons with disabilities, and ineffective legislation on employment. Conclusion: The lack of employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Kenya suggests that poverty reduction among persons with disabilities will be difficult. Therefore, efforts should be made through implementation of effective policies to remove barriers hindering access to employment for persons with disabilities in Kenya
- ItemChallenges of Screening and Early Detection of Hearing Impairment among Children in some selected hospitals in Kumasi Metropolis(Scholars Middle East Publishers, 2017-12-30) Kankam, Keren Sarpomaa; Owusu, Isaac; Dogbe, Joslin Alexei; Opoku, Vincent KarikariHearing plays a key role in learning to talk. Early screening of newborns for hearing impairment is essential as treatment is most successful when identified early. The study assessed the challenges associated with screening and early detection of hearing impairment among children in the Kumasi metropolis and focused on the services available for screening of hearing impairment among children and the effects of the challenges of screening and early detection of hearing impairment. The study employed a qualitative approach. Purposive and convenience sampling were used to select 15 participants. An interview guide was adopted to capture the responses of participants on voice recorder. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse themes generated from the data according to the objectives. The study found that, hearing screening services for children included OAEs, pure tone testing, behavioral assessment and school outreach programs but health personnel are faced with challenges in undertaking these services. Challenges such as lack of enough funds, insufficient tools and equipment, few numbers of health personnel and low patronage of hearing screening services limited health personnel‟s ability to provide effective hearing screening services to children. The study therefore recommends that the ministry of health constructs audiology units in every region in Ghana and supply the units with the tools and equipment needed for work. The study further recommends that, the ministry of health in collaboration with ministry of education should assist in training more audiologists and make school screening programs a long term national policy.
- ItemThe Eye Care Needs of Persons with Visual Impairment in a District Hospital in Ghana(Scholars Middle East Publishers, 2017-11) Karikari, Opoku Vincent; Dogbe, Joslin Alexei; Hammond, Charles; Paintsil, Vivian; Taylor, Emmanuel; Frimpong, EvansAlmost 80% of the world‟s visual impairment is treatable or preventable. Regardless of this, millions of people are at risk of visual loss due to the lack of eye-care services. The study examined eye care needs of persons with visual impairments in a District Hospital in Ghana, specifically to assess the availability of eye care services, challenges and measures to improve accessibility. A qualitative approach was adopted to interview persons with visual impairments and eye care providers. Purposive sampling was used to select a sample size of 20; 15 visually impaired and 5 health care providers. A semi-structured interview guide was adopted to capture data onto a voice recorder and transcribed into written notes. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse themes generated from the data according to the objectives. The study found that eye care services were available to some extent but accessibility to the services was limited due to inadequate transport fares and poor health insurance coverage. Aids to accompany clients were limited. Poor infrastructure and equipment limited the ability of healthcare providers to offer effective services. The study recommends that outreach services should be encouraged to provide services at the doorstep to majority and refer complex cases to hospital to reduce cost of transportation. The study further recommends that relevant infrastructure and equipment should be provided by government through the Ghana Blind Union to improve eye care services and also to ensure that health insurance policies adequately cover diagnosis, treatment and the provision of assistive devices.
- ItemRelevance of vocational training programme for persons with disabilities in the Ashanti Region of Ghana(Intergrated Science, 2015-12-02) Gyamfi1, Naomi; Mprah, Wisdom Kwadwo; Edusei, Anthony Kwaku; Dogbe, Joslin Alexei; Owusu, IsaacProviding employment for persons with disabilities is very important because it provides opportunities for self-sufficiency and improvement in their living condition. The aim of vocational training for persons with disabilities is to enable them to acquire skills that are relevant to the current labour market demands. This study investigated the relevance of vocational training programmes at three vocational training centers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana to persons with disabilities. A mixed methods design was used to assess the relevance of vocational training programme at the three vocational training centers. A total of 118 participants participated in the study. They consisted of 108 past trainees who took part in the survey, and three directors and seven institutors who participated in in-depth interviews. The findings indicated that the vocational training programmes were not all that relevant to the employment needs of many of the graduates although some of the graduates had benefited immensely from the training. The findings are an indication of the need to restructure vocational training programmes in Ghana to make them more relevant to the employment needs of all trainees.