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|Title: ||Prevalence and management of endo parasitic zoonoses in the Kumasi Zoo, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Danquah, Emmanuel|
Nutsuakor, Mac Elikem
|Issue Date: ||Jan-2012|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Biosciences (IJB)|
|Citation: ||International Journal of Biosciences (IJB) ISSN: 2220-6655 (Print) 2222-5234 (Online) Vol. 2, No. 8, p. 102-108, 2012 http://www.innspub.net|
|Abstract: ||Contact between human beings and animals on displays at zoos are unavoidable, allowing transmission of
parasitic (diseases) zoonosis of all kinds from wild animals to man and domesticated animals and vice-versa. This
study investigates prevalence and management of endo-parasitic zoonoses in Kumasi zoo. Freshly voided faecal
samples from animals at the zoo were collected with sterilized forceps and kept in sterilized plastic bags.
Floatation method for worm egg count was used to count worm eggs. Nine endo-parasitic zoonoses were recorded
during the study period with Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) recording the highest (37%) number of
observation followed by Strongyl (Strongyloides fuelleboni) (25%) and Ascaris (Ascaris lumbricoides) (15%).
Strongyl was however, the commonest zoonoses. Prevalence of endo-parasites was highest in primates (25%),
followed by carnivores (21%), ungulates (14%) and at similar levels (13%) for reptiles, birds and rodents.
Preventive measures against worm infections include providing protective clothing for cage cleaners and animal
feeders, whiles occasionally administering prophylactic treatments to animal s to reduce infections. Given the
relatively high levels of parasite infections in some zoo exhibits, transmission to humans (zoo staff and visitors)
may be greatly reduced by regularly screening and de-worming zoo animals alongside setting up structures
(including regular education) that focus on minimizing the risks of contracting zoonoses when visiting the zoo.|
|Description: ||This article was published by International Journal of Biosciences (IJB)
ISSN: 2220-6655 (Print) 2222-5234 (Online)
Vol. 2, No. 8, p. 102-108, 2012
|Appears in Collections:||College of Agric and Natural Resources|
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