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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9742

Title: Effects of Sodium Metabisulphite and Blanching Pretreatments on the Quality Characteristics of Yam Bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) Flour
Authors: Carey, Edward E.
Oduro, Ibok N.
Plahar, Wisdom Annorsey
Buckman, Evelyn Serwah
Keywords: pH
Colour
Peeling
Yam bean
Pretreatments
Sodium metabisulphite
Blanching
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: British Journal of Applied Science & Technology
Citation: British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 6(2): 138-144, 2015, Article no.BJAST.2015.074 ISSN: 2231-084
Abstract: To determine the effects of sodium metabisulphite and blanching pretreatments on the quality characteristics of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) flour.Evaluation of the effects of peeling, blanching and sodium metabisulphite pretreatments on the ease of drying, particle size distribution, colour and pH of yam bean flour using a 2 x 3 factorial design. Place and Duration of Study: Yam bean roots were obtained from the CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana. All reagents used were obtained from accredited suppliers in Accra, Original Research Article Buckman et al.; BJAST, 6(2): 138-144, 2015; Article no.BJAST.2015.074 139 Ghana. Actual experimental studies were conducted at the laboratories of the CSIR-Food Research Institute, Accra, Ghana, between August 2012 and November 2013. We subjected peeled and unpeeled yam bean tubers (Pachyrhizus erosus) to three pretreatments involving blanching at 100ºC for 3 min; soaking in 0.1% sodium metabisulphite solution for 3 min and no treatment control. Samples were dried at 55ºC for 6 hours, cooled to room temperature, milled, sieved and the flour analyzed for ease of drying as indicated by the final moisture content, colour, pH, and ease of milling as indicated by particle size distribution. The pretreatment methods had significant (p>0.05) effects on the colour of the flour samples. Peeling, followed by sodium metabisulphite pretreatment produced whitest yam bean flour (L*-value of 90.89). Flour samples from unpeeled roots recorded lower pH (p>0.05) than those from peeled samples. The combined effects of peeling and sodium metabisulphite or blanching pretreatments produced flours with desirable pH values. The blanched sample had coarser particles (50%>100 μm) compared to the no treatment control and sodium metabisulphite treated flours (30%>100 μm). Peeling, metabisulphite or blanching pretreatments did not affect the rate of drying significantly as indicated by their final moisture values. A standard procedure for yam bean flour production has been suggested to include peeling and sodium metabisulphite pretreatment.
Description: This Article was published by British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 6(2): 138-144, 2015, Article no.BJAST.2015.074 ISSN: 2231-084
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9742
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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