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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9492

Title: Prevalence of preventable household risk factors for childhood burn injury in semi-urban Ghana: A population-based survey
Authors: Ebel, Beth E
Donkor, Peter
Nakua, Emmanuel
Otupiri, E.
Mock, Charles
Stewart, Barclay
Gyedu, Adam
Issue Date: 3-May-2016
Publisher: Burns
Citation: Burns Volume 42, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages 633–638
Abstract: Childhood burns are a leading cause of injury in low- and middle-income countries; most of which are preventable. We aimed to describe the prevalence of household risk factors for childhood burn injury (CBI) in semi-urban Ghana to inform prevention strategies for this growing population. We conducted a population-based survey of 200 households in a semi-urban community in Ghana. Households were randomly selected from a list of 6520 households with children aged <18 years. Caregivers were interviewed about CBI within the past 6 months and potentially modifiable household risk factors. Results: Of 6520 households, 3856 used charcoal for cooking (59%) and 3267 cooked indoors (50%). In 4544 households (70%), the stove/cooking surface was within reach of children under-five (i.e., <1 m). Higher household wealth quintiles (OR 0.95; 95%CI 0.61–1.49) and increasing age (OR 0.82; 95%CI 0.68–0.99) were associated with lower odds of CBI. Living in uncompleted accommodation (OR 11.29; 95%CI 1.48–86.18 vs rented room) and cooking outside the house (OR 1.13; 95%CI 0.60–2.14 vs cooking indoors) were also predictive of CBI. This study identified a high prevalence of CBI risk factors in semi-urban households that may benefit from targeted community-based prevention initiatives.
Description: This Article was published by Burns Volume 42, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages 633–638
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9492
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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