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|Title: ||The impact of conditional cash transfers on child health in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review|
|Authors: ||Owusu-Addo, Ebenezer|
|Keywords: ||Conditional cash transfers|
Low- and middle-income countries
|Issue Date: ||5-Jun-2014|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Public Health|
|Citation: ||International Journal of Public Health, 2014|
|Abstract: ||Objectives The review aimed to assess the effectiveness
of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) in improving child
health in low- and middle-income countries.
Methods Seven electronic databases were searched for
papers: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, PsychINFO,
BIOSIS Previews, Academic Search Complete, and CSA
Sociological Abstracts. The included studies comprised of
randomised controlled trials and controlled before-andafter
studies evaluating the impact of CCTs on child health.
Due to the substantial heterogeneity of the studies, a narrative
synthesis was conducted on the extracted data.
Results Sixteen studies predominantly from Latin
American countries met the inclusion criteria. The outcomes
reported by the studies in relation to CCTs’
effectiveness in improving child health were reduction in
morbidity risk, improvement in nutritional outcomes,
health services utilisation, and immunisation coverage.
Conclusions The review suggests that to a large extent,
CCTs are effective in improving child health by addressing
child health determinants such as access to health care,
child and maternal nutrition, morbidity risk, immunisation
coverage, and household poverty in developing countries
particularly middle-income countries. Of importance to both policy and practice, it appears that CCTs require
effective functioning of health care systems to effectively promote child health.|
|Description: ||An article published by International Journal of Public Health, 2014|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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