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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/8835

Title: Effectiveness of Health Education in Community-based Malaria Prevention and Control Interventions in sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review
Authors: Owusu-Addo, Ebenezer
Owusu-Addo, Sally B.
Keywords: Malaria
Systematic review
Health education
Sub-Saharan Africa
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare
Citation: Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, Vol. 4,No.3, 2014
Abstract: Objective: This review assessed the effectiveness of health education in community-based malaria prevention and control interventions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods: We systematically reviewed published and unpublished literature, searching 7 databases and 3 websites namely Malaria Journal, World Health Organization and Centre for Disease Control and Prevention to find relevant studies. Study designs included were randomized controlled trials, non-randomized trials, quasi experiments, before and after studies, and surveys. A narrative synthesis was performed on the extracted data. Results: Seventeen studies were included in the review. Nine studies covered health education interventions on Insecticide Treated bet Nets (ITNs), three utilised health education to promote Intermittent Presumptive Treatment in pregnancy (IPTp), four reported on the effect of health education in home-based management of malaria whilst one study focused on environmental management in malaria control. Factors found to affect health education in malaria control and prevention interventions included educational level of participants, the nature of health messages and the level of community involvement. Conclusion: The results of the review suggest that health education interventions are effective and remain a valuable tool in community-based malaria prevention and control interventions in SSA. This review found moderate evidence that health education interventions influence the uptake of community-based malaria prevention and control interventions, enhance knowledge about malaria and generally improve malaria prevalence and mortality in children under five and pregnant women.
Description: An article published by Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, Vol. 4,No.3, 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/8835
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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