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|Title: ||Financial Access to Healthcare among Persons with Disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Badu, Eric|
Opoku, Maxwell Peprah
Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw
|Keywords: ||persons with disabilities|
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development|
|Citation: ||Vol. 26, No.2,|
|Abstract: ||Purpose: According to the World Health Organisation, 10% to 15% of the
population of every developing country lives with disability. This amounts to
about 2.4 - 3.6 million Ghanaians with disability. Since their contribution is
important for the development of the country, this study aimed to assess the
financial access to healthcare among persons with disabilities in the Kumasi
Metropolis of Ghana.
Methods: A cross-sectional study, involving administration of a semistructured
questionnaire, was conducted among persons with all kinds of
disabilities (physically challenged, hearing and visually impaired) in the Kumasi
Metropolis. Multi-stage sampling was used to randomly select 255 persons
with disabilities from 5 clusters of communities - Oforikrom, Subin, Asewase,
Tafo and Asokwa. Data analysis involved descriptive and analytical statistics at
95% CI using SPSS software version 20.
Results: There were more male than female participants, nearly one-third
of them had no formal education and 28.6% were unemployed. The average
monthly expenditure on healthcare was GHC 21.46 (USD 6.0) which constituted
9.8% of the respondents’ income. Factors such as age, gender, disability type,
education, employment, and whether or not they stayed with family members
had significant bearing on the average monthly expenses on healthcare (p<0.05).
Transportation cost, the travel distance to facilities, and the regular sources of
payment for healthcare, had significant relationship with access to healthcare
(p<0.05). Although about 63.5% of the respondents used the National Health Insurance Scheme as the regular source of payment for healthcare, 94.1%
reported that sources of payment did not cover all their expenses and equipment.
Conclusion: Financial access to healthcare remains a major challenge for
persons with disabilities. Measures to finance all healthcare expenses of persons
with disabilities are urgently needed to improve their acc ess to healthcare.|
|Description: ||Article published in Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development Vol. 26, No.2, 2015; available at doi 10.5463/DCID.v26i2.402|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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