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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7338

Title: GIS Based Fire Emergency Response System
Authors: Forkuo, Eric K.
Quaye-Ballard, Jonathan A.
Keywords: Emergency Services
Network Analysis
Urban Fire
Fire Hydrant
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: International Journal of Remote Sensing and GIS
Citation: International Journal of Remote Sensing and GIS, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2013, 32-40
Abstract: Urban fire is one of the most disturbing problems not only for developing countries but also for developed countries and, in Ghana very large amount of property and lives are unfortunately destroyed by fire annually. It was against this background that the Ghana National Fire Service (GNFS) was established to control fire outbreaks and, since its inception, it has embarked on programs and activities to educate the public on fire safety and prevention measures while fire stations were established in the major cities. In spite ofthe modern techniques of fire prevention and suppression, urban fires continue to damage properties. Thus, effective handling of these fires requires an effective planning response system on a regional scale. The objective of this paper is therefore to establish a GIS (Geographic Information System) based fire emergency response services where GNFS can identify the optimal route from its location to any fire incident. Since access to a fire incident and timely intervention play a crucial role in managing urban fire, the optimal route was modelled based on the distance of travel, time of travel, the slope of the roads and the delays in travel times. Besides using this analysis to timely respond to urban fire emergency services, GNFS could perform analysis on the number and spatial distribution of fire water hydrants. It is now possible to query the location of a fire water hydrant and its conditions, whether functioning, in high or low pressure or disconnected from water source. The developed fire information system could also be spatially joined to the building and cadastral parcel database for more comprehensive decision support system. However, it has been observed during the study that there are insufficient numbers of fire hydrants in the areas where fire is considered to be intensive and the distribution of these hydrants is not compatible with regulations.
Description: Article published in International Journal of Remote Sensing and GIS, 2013.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7338
ISSN: 2277–9051
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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