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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5443

Title: Protein Extraction from Fern and its Physicochemical Properties
Authors: Essuman, Edward Ken
Issue Date: 17-Dec-2013
Abstract: Fern is a seedless vascular plant that reproduces via spores and has various usefulness. This study was carried out to optimize conditions for protein extraction from two defatted fern types namely Nephrolepis biserrata and Arthropteris orientalis. The extraction of defatted fern protein was conducted using alkaline, alcohol and saline treatments method under various conditions such as variation of treatments concentration and time of agitation. Central composite design of response surface methodology was used for identification of the best condition and extraction yield optimization. Result showed that alkaline treatment of 0.1 M NaOH and agitation time of 30 min produced the highest extraction yield with maximum protein recovery of 5.11 mg/mL and 2.03 mg/mL for Nephrolepis biserrata and Arthropteris orientalis respectively. Nephrolepis biserrata fern type gave relatively higher maximum protein yield, giving about more than twice the values obtained for the Arthropteris orientalis. Nephrolepis biserrata showed the highest foaming capacity (65%) and solubility (55.9%). For each isolate, water and oil holding capacity were not significantly different (p>0.05) with Nephrolepis biserrata recording 2.13 mL/g and 2.73 mL/g and Arthropteris orientalis recording 2.39 mL/g and 2.93 mL/g respectively. Protein types such as β-galactosidase, phosphorylase and lysozyme were found to be present in the fern protein isolates in terms of their molecular weight.
Description: A thesis submitted to the Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Master of Philosophy in Food Science and Technology, July-2013
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5443
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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