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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5179

Title: Map Coordinate Referencing and the Use of GPS Datasets in Ghana
Authors: Ayer, J.
Fosu, C.
Keywords: Coordinate Systems
ellipsoidal heights
Global positioning System
WGS84
Transformation
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Journal of Science and Technology
Citation: Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 28 No. 1, 2008 pp 116-127
Abstract: The concepts of coordinate systems required to identify points in space and represent them on maps uses mathematical methods of assigning numbers, called coordinates to each point in space. There are different coordinate systems the commonest being the system of latitudes, longitudes and ellipsoidal heights. The situation is complicated because the latitudes and longitudes of the same point differ slightly depending on the geodetic coordinate system of a country, the result being that different systems of latitude and longitude in use for the same point can disagree in coordinates by more than 200 metres. The GPS for instance uses a WGS84 system and gives latitude and longitude values which cannot be integrated directly into the mapping system of a country without suitable mathematical conversions. Similarly, it is not possible to just measure distances from a graticule map without appropriate projection conversions. In order to use data obtained from GPS measurements correctly and effectively in Ghana, we need to use appropriate transformation parameters that relate our Ghana National Survey Mapping coordinate system to that used for the Global Positioning System (GPS). Datum transformation parameters define functional relationship between two reference frames. This paper looked at geodetic coordinate systems and transformations between the WGS84 and the coordinate systems used in Ghana (the Ghana war office system and also the Clarkel880 system) using the Bursa-Wolf model Particular attention was given to the derivation of ellipsoidal heights through the use of the Abridged Molodensky formulas.
Description: Article published in the Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 28 No. 1, 2008 pp 116-127
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5179
Appears in Collections:Journal of Science and Technology 2000-

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