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|Title: ||Assessing parental influence on adolescent sexual behaviour in the Bantama-Metro|
|Authors: ||Fiagbey, Josephine|
|Keywords: ||Parental Influence|
|Issue Date: ||22-Jul-2021|
According to the WHO, adolescence is defined as a period of life between 10-19
years. It is a unique period of age characterized by significant physical, cognitive,
emotional and social changes.
Parents-adolescent’s influence is vital for the outright growth and development in all
aspects including sexual and reproductive health. However, parents-adolescence
communication on sexual issues, supervision and monitoring and provision of basic
needs are sometimes lacked. The lack of these often result in a larger proportion of
adolescents engaging in unhealthy or risky sexual behavior. Thus, the purpose of this
study was to assess the influence of parents in adolescent sexual behavior.
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescents aged 10-19 years in
the Bantama-metro. A structured questionnaire was used to assess sociodemographics of respondents, sources of information regarding reproductive health,
parental roles, adolescent’s knowledge on sexual and reproductive health and sexual
behavior. Simple random sampling was employed to select participants. Data in the
questionnaires was coded and entered using MS Excel Version 2016 for windows and
then exported to Stata Version 14.0 for analysis. The mean, standard deviation,
percentages and cross tabulations were used for the descriptive analysis.
A total of 400 adolescents aged 10-19 participated in the study. There was high
knowledge on condom use (67.25%) and adolescent’s main source of information on
sexual and reproductive health was from peers (26.25%).vii
Academics issues were mostly discussed between parents and adolescents (52.50%)
whilst sexual and reproductive health issues were the least discussed (3.75%). The
study found that, more than half (61.75%) were not sexually active, however, among
those who were sexually active, majority (76.54%) used a condom and about one -
tenth had multiple partners.
Poor parental relationship with their children in matters related to sexual and
reproductive health as they enter adolescent were high in this study. Adolescence
knowledge on emergency contraceptives, birth control pills were low compared to
knowledge on condom use, abortion services and STIs including HIV/AIDS.
Adoption of behavioral change strategies such as family gathering, real lifestyle
experience story-telling would enable adolescents have cordial relationships with
Health facilities should intensify their education on long lasting family planning
services and emergency contraceptive pills for adolescents. Comprehensive health
education about sexual and reproductive health should be infused into the school
curriculum to enable adolescents have adequate knowledge on sexual issues.|
|Description: ||A dissertation submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Public Health in Population, Family & Reproductive Health. October, 2019|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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