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|Title: ||Determinants of adherence to antiretroviral therapy amongst people living with HIV in Tema Metropolis in the Greater Accra Region|
|Authors: ||Asante, David Fianko|
Greater Accra Region
|Issue Date: ||22-Jul-2021|
|Abstract: ||The adherence of patients to HIV/AIDS treatment regimens contributes to the determination of treatment outcomes.
In response to the UNAIDS treatment target for 2020, this study looked at HIV/AIDS treatment and care among People Living with HIV assessing antiretroviral therapy at Narh-Bita Hospital in Tema. The study identified and described the key determinants of adherence to antiretroviral therapy. A cross sectional study using a mixed method of qualitative and quantitative approaches was employed to answer the study objectives. One hundred and six (106) PLHIV assessing ART for at least one year and health care providers were sampled for the study. Questionnaires and key informant interviews were used to collect data for analysis. Chi-square test was used to identify factors associated with ART adherence among PLHIV.
The determinants of adherence to ART identified in this study are social support from family, friends and health workers, low level of HIV related stigma and discrimination, comprehensive knowledge on ART prior to initiation and reminder gadgets such as mobile phone alarm and pill box. Other determinants such as forgetfulness, default in going for drug refill and pill burden contributed to reduced or suboptimal adherence to ART. These are considered as barriers to ART adherence.
Social support, knowledge on ART and low HIV-related stigma were identified as positive drivers of ART adherence whereas forgetfulness, default in treatment and pill burden led to non-adherence.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Award of a Master’s Degree in Environment and Public Health . Ocbober, 2019|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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