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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13638

Title: Modelling the socio-economic impacts of modern bioenergy in rural communities in Ghana
Authors: Kemausuor, Francis
Bolwig, Simon
Miller, Shelie
Keywords: Bioenergy
Crop residues
Socio-economic impacts
Rural communities
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This study analyses ex-ante socio-economic impacts of biogas systems using a remote rural community in Ghana as a case study. An analysis was performed for a 300 m3 bio-digester that relies on crop residue and animal manure as feedstock to produce methane gas for cooking using selected bioenergy economic and social indicators. With a 10% discount rate, a 30 year bio-digester lifetime and methane tariff starting at US$ 0.7/m3, the project will have a Net Present Value of approximately US$ 22,000, 16 year payback and an Internal Rate of Return of 11%. The project will create 4 full time unskilled labour positions during the investment year and 3 positions during operation years. Using methane from the bio-digester for cooking will displace approximately 170 tonnes of firewood per year and save the women in the community a total of 3400 hours per year not fetching firewood. However, only 5% of households are willing to pay the base tariff of US$ 30/m3 with up to 60% willing to pay less than half the monthly tariff. To make tariffs affordable to rural households, there is the need for subsidy schemes from government or relevant agencies.
Description: This article is published in Elsevier and also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2016.01.007
URI: 10.1016/j.seta.2016.01.007
http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13638
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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