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|Title: ||Factors Influencing Adherance to Tuberculosis Treatment among Tuberculosis Patients in La-Nkwantanang Madina Municipality|
|Authors: ||Agoriwo, Vida Wewupadi|
Dassah, Edward T.
|Keywords: ||Tuberculosis Patients,|
La-Nkwantanang Madina Municipality
|Issue Date: ||25-Mar-2021|
|Abstract: ||Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major contributor to the global burden of disease which has received considerable attention in recent or many years, particularly in middle and low-income countries where it is closely associated with HIV/AIDS. Poor adherence and knowledge level to treatment is common despite various interventions and measures put in place to improve treatment completion. Lack of a comprehensive and holistic understanding to barriers affecting treatment adherence is currently a major problem or obstacle to finding effective solutions for TB treatment.
Objective: To determine the knowledge and factors influencing adherence to TB treatment among TB patients receiving treatment in La-Nkwantanang Madina Municipality.
Method: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in five Direct Observed Treatment Short-course centres from five sub-districts among TB patients receiving TB treatment from February to May 2018. Proportional allocation and lottery method was used to sample patients at the health facilities. All patients were interviewed by using a pre- tested structured questionnaire. Data was into Microsoft Access and exported to SPSS version 20.0 for statistical analysis. Chi-square test was used. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Altogether, 80 TB patients were recruited into the study. The ages ranged from 17 to 68 with a mean of 31.95 years (standard deviation 11.05 years). Overall 21% stopped taking their medication. Majority of the patients 82.5% knew that TB is an airborne disease. Ninety three percent of the patients knew TB is preventable. Age, marital status and educational levels were not significantly associated with compliance. The major factors leading to non-compliance included patients beginning to feel better 55.6% and 27.2%, lack of knowledge on the benefits of completing a course 21%, side effect 32.5% and stigmatization 47.5%. There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients who adhere to treatment 79-80%, chi square=p-value 0.235). Adequate number of patients 37.5% revealed that transmission is done through sneezing and coughing.
Conclusion: TB awareness should be intensified to reach all community members and also ensure that people infected with TB understand the treatment model to complete treatment which will at last improve adherence.|
|Description: ||A Dissertation submitted to the School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the Award of Degree in Public Health (Bsc) September, 2019.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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