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|Title: ||Water, sanitation and hygiene practices of mothers/caregivers in relation to nutritional status of children under five years in the Nabdam District|
|Authors: ||Agongo, Edward|
Under Five Years
|Issue Date: ||24-Mar-2021|
|Abstract: ||Background: Malnutrition among children below the ages of five may be blamed
r most childhood diseases and stunted growth. One of the major solutions to
malnutrition is through effective and efficient childcare in households.
Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess water, sanitation and
hygiene (WASH) practices among mothers/ caregivers in relation with the
nutritional status of children under five years in the Nabdam district of the UER.
Methodology: A community-based analytical cross-sectional study design was used
to recruit mother and child pairs to collect quantitative data on WASH practices of
mothers/caregiver and nutritional status (Anthropometry) of the children. A total of
312 respondents were assessed. Data was collected using structured questionnaires
and analysed using SPSS version 23 for windows. Descriptive statistics, as well as a
test for association using Chi-square analysis and multiple logistic regression, was
conducted to establish the relationship between WASH practices and nutritional
status of children under five years.
Results: A total of 314 respondents were involved in the study, 90% of all
respondents were female with the majority of them lactating, and 5% pregnant as at
the time of data collection. From the study, 94% of respondents were wellnourished, and only 6% were moderately malnourished using MUAC. Stunting
prevalence among children (<-2 z-scores) was (57.5%) and (46.9%) for boys and
girls respectively. The prevalence of underweight was also 25.7% for boys and
15.2% for girls. The occurrence of diarrhoea is dependent on Handwashing with
soap, and handwashing with water only as the chi-square value of 14.5 and 13.1 are
all significant at alpha value of 0.05 (p-value < 0.05). The results also show that
handwashing after defecation, after handshake and after work are not related to
diarrhoea occurrence among under five. However, diarrhoea occurrence is
dependent on handwashing before/after eating and after changing babies.
Conclusion: In the study, diarrhoea occurrence significantly sets in 6-17 months.
Diarrhoea occurrence is high within the lower age group and gradually reduces
towards older age groups. However, nutritional status of children had remained
significantly high in all age categories. While, severe stunting remained high in all
age categories though severe underweight is low from the result of the study.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Master’s Degree in Environment and Public Health.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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