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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13590

Title: Knowledge Level and Determinants of Neonatal Jaundice: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana
Authors: Adoba, Prince
Ephraim, Richard K. D.
Kontor, Kate Adomakowaah
Bentsil, Joseph-Josiah
Adu, Patrick
Anderson, Maxwell
Sakyi, Samuel Asamoah
Nsiah, Paul
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: International Journal of Pediatrics
Citation: International Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 2018, Article ID 3901505, 9 pages, https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3901505
Abstract: Background. Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of hospital admission during the neonatal period and is associated with significant mortality. This case-control study with cross-sectional design sought to identify the possible factors associated with neonatal jaundice and assess maternal knowledge level of this condition. Methods. One hundred and fifty (150) neonates comprising 100with clinically evident jaundice and 50 without jaundicewere conveniently recruited fromthe Trauma and Specialist Hospital in the Effutu Municipality. Blood samples were collected for the determination of serum bilirubin, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), status and blood group (ABO and Rhesus). Well-structured questionnaire was used to collect maternal and neonate sociodemographic and clinical history. Results. Majority (54%) of neonates developed jaundice within 1–3 days after birth with 10% having it at birth. Duration of labour and neonatal birth weight were associated with neonatal jaundice (𝑃 < 0.05). G6PD abnormality was found in 11 (12%) of the neonates with jaundice and ABO incompatibility was present in 18%. Neonates delivered by mothers with formal occupation and those who had prolonged duration of labour were significantly more likely to have neonatal jaundice (OR = 4.174, 𝑃 = 0.003; OR = 2.389, 𝑃 = 0.025, resp.). Neonates with low birth weight were also more likely to develop neonatal jaundice (OR = 2.347, 𝑃 = 0.044). Only 17.3% of mothers had heard of neonatal jaundice. School was the major source of information on neonatal jaundice (34.6%). Majority of participants (mothers) did not know that NNJ can cause damage to other organs in the body (90%). Conclusion. Low neonatal birth weight and prolonged duration of labour are associated with neonatal jaundice. Mothers had inadequate knowledge of neonatal jaundice and its causes.
Description: An article published in International Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 2018, Article ID 3901505, 9 pages, https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3901505
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13590
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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