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|Title: ||Vegetation assessment of native tree species in Broussonetia papyrifera-dominated degraded forest landscape in southern Ghana|
|Authors: ||Agyeman, Victor K.|
Addo-Danso, Shalom D.
Abebrese, Isaac K.
|Keywords: ||Invasive species|
Native tree species
Tropical dry forest landscape
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||Applied Vegetation Science|
|Abstract: ||Question: Does the invasive tree species Broussonetia papyrifera facilitate the natural
regeneration of native tree species in a degraded tropical forest landscape?
Location: AframHeadwaters Forest Reserve, southern Ghana.
Methods: We established sampling areas and assessed seedlings and saplings
<5 cm DBH in nine habitats. The habitats were logging road, skid trail, large
canopy gaps dominated by B. papyrifera, large canopy gaps dominated by invasive
Chromolaena odorata, Nauclea diderrichii plantation, Mansonia altissima plantation,
Terminalia ivorensis plantation, abandoned farmland and unlogged forest.
Results: We found that the abundance of pioneers declined with increasing
abundance of B. papyrifera. This trend was more pronounced in the farmland
and in the N. diderrichii plantation. By contrast, increased abundance of B. papyrifera
did not lead to a decrease in the abundance of the shade-tolerant species.
B. papyrifera seedlings and saplings were absent in the forest understorey. We
also found a lower abundance and richness of some vulnerable tree species and
valuable timber species in the N. diderrichii plantation and in gaps dominated by
B. papyrifera. However, we recorded both shade-tolerant and shade-intolerant
species in the gaps dominated by B. papyrifera.
Conclusions: We found both shade-tolerant and shade-intolerant species in the
B. papyrifera-dominated gaps. This can provide a basis for future studies to
explore the potential of such tree species in restoration programmes targeted at
B. papyrifera-invaded sites. Our results also suggest that the integrity of the
undisturbed forest patches in the landscape must be protected to help prevent
B. papyrifera from spreading further. We suggest further studies should be conducted
at replicated sites with a similar habitat that represent varying levels of
invasion by B. papyrifera to draw conclusions regarding the species’ potential to
facilitate regeneration of native tree species.|
|Description: ||This article is published in Applied Vegetation Science and also available at Doi: 10.1111/avsc.12241|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Agric and Natural Resources|
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