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|Title: ||Consistency of the determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Ghana: insights from four Demographic and Health Survey datasets|
|Authors: ||Duodu, Precious A.|
Duah, Henry O.
Dzomeku, Veronica Millicent
Mensah, Adwoa Bemah Boamah
Mensah, Josephine Aboagye
|Keywords: ||Early initiation of breastfeeding|
Demographic and Health Survey data
|Issue Date: ||2021|
|Publisher: ||International Health 2021,13:39-48|
|Citation: ||International Health 2021,13:39-48; doi:10.1093/inthealth/ihaa017, Advance Access publication 17 April 2020|
|Abstract: ||studies on the facilitators and risk factors for EIBF are rare in Ghana. We examined trends in EIBF and its major
facilitators and risk factors in Ghana using data from Demographic and Health Surveys from 1998 to 2014.
Methods: We used complete weighted data of 3194, 3639, 2909 and 5695 pairs of mothers ages 15–49 y and
their children ages 0–5 y in the 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2014 surveys, respectively.We accounted for the complex
sampling used in the surveys for both descriptive statistics and multiple variable risk ratio analysis.
Results: The proportion of children who achieved EIBF increased by about 2.5 times from 1998 to 2003 and there
was a marginal increase in the proportion of children who achieved EIBF between 2003 and 2014. Children born
by caesarean section were at higher risk of being breastfed later than 1 h across all four surveys. Being born in
the Upper East Region (compared with the Western Region) of Ghana facilitated EIBF in 2003 and 2008.
Conclusions: The study revealed that the current estimate of the proportion of children achieving EIBF in Ghana
was 55.1%, and delivery by caesarean section and region of residence consistently predicted the practice of EIBF
|Description: ||An article published in International Health 2021,13:39-48; doi:10.1093/inthealth/ihaa017, Advance Access publication 17 April 2020|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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