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|Title: ||Dietary intakes, anthropometric status, and anaemia prevalence among older adults in Effutu Municipality, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Hayfron, Elsie Nana Aba Abbiw|
Annan, Reginald Adjetey
Edusei, Anthony Kwaku
|Issue Date: ||2021|
|Publisher: ||Nutrition and Healthy Aging|
|Citation: ||Nutrition and Healthy Aging 6 (2021) 49–59; DOI 10.3233/NHA-200092|
|Abstract: ||BACKGROUND: Older adults, both institutionalized and free-living are vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies and poor
nutritional status, which affect morbidity and quality of life amongst them. Yet, little attention on nutritional needs is given
to this vulnerable group in many developing countries, and very little data exist on the nutritional status of older Ghanaians.
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed dietary intakes, anthropometric status, and anaemia prevalence among older adults in
Effutu Municipality, Ghana.
METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, anthropometry, repeated 24-hour dietary recall, haemoglobin levels were
determined among 150 older adults (60–87 years). The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire was used to
determine malnutrition prevalence among older adults.
RESULTS: None of the older adults met estimated average requirement (EAR) and adequate intake (AI) for vitamin E and
calcium respectively, and 72.0%, 71.3%, 99.3%, 98.7%,76.0% had insufficient intake for energy, protein, zinc, folate and
vitamin C respectively. Also, 39.3% were anaemic using haemoglobin cut-offs, 12.0% were malnourished based on theMNA
tool and 28.0% were underweight based on BMI index. Married older adults (OR = 0.1, p = 0.005, 95%CI = 0.1–0.5) had
lower odds for anaemia than those who were divorced. Underweight participants had 11.7 increased odds of being anaemic
(OR = 11.7, p = 0.048, 95% CI = 1.0–135.0) than overweight participants. Those who had adequate vitamin C (OR = 0.3,
p = 0.018, 95%CI = 0.1–0.8) and folate (OR = 0.2, p = 0.396, 95%CI = 0.1–6.7) intakes had lower odds of being anaemic than
those with inadequate vitamin C and folate intakes, while those who had adequate iron (OR = 1.4, p = 0.412, 95%CI = 0.6–3.2)
and vitamin B12 (OR = 1.6, p = 0.473, 95%CI = 0.5–5.3) intakes were more likely to be anaemic
CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate nutrient intakes, anaemia, underweight and malnutrition prevalence were found among these
older adults. Anaemia was associated with being underweight, but not nutrients intake. The nutritional needs of older people
should be addressed to reduce risks for disease.|
|Description: ||An article published in Nutrition and Healthy Aging 6 (2021) 49–59; DOI 10.3233/NHA-200092|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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