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|Title: ||Assessing physical activity, nutrient intake and obesity in middle-aged adults in Akuse, Lower Manya Krobo, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Nyakotey, David Adjatey|
Ananga, Alberta Seyram
|Issue Date: ||2020|
|Publisher: ||Journal of Health Research|
|Citation: ||Journal of Health Research; DOI 10.1108/JHR-03-2020-0068|
|Abstract: ||Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess physical activity and nutrient intake and their association
with obesity in apparently healthy middle-aged adults in Akuse, a rural community in the Eastern region
Design/methodology/approach – This cross-sectional study assessed demography and anthropometry,
nutrient intakes using a 3-day repeated 24 h dietary recall and physical activity using the global physical
activity questionnaire (GPAQ). Data were entered into Microsoft excel and analyzed with SPSS version 25.
Findings – There were 118 respondents (55 males, 46.6% and 63 females, 53.4%) in the study with mean age of
45.62 ± 6.88 years. About 90% of respondents were physically active based on WHO physical activity
recommendation. Prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher among inactive participants compared to
active participants and sitting/reclining hours was significantly (p-value 5 0.042) associated positively with
BMI after a bivariate correlation analysis, suggesting that physical activity plays a role in obesity. About one in
five respondents were obese. Mean energy intake exceeded RDA for females. Sodium intake far exceeded RDA
for both males and females, putting the population at potential risk of hypertension.
Practical implications – This study demonstrates the need for intensifying health education and other
obesity prevention interventions to curb the rising obesity prevalence in rural communities.
Originality/value – The study revealed that overweight/ obesity in this rural community is higher than
previously reported for rural Ghana.|
|Description: ||An article published in Journal of Health Research; DOI 10.1108/JHR-03-2020-0068|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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