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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13399

Title: The burden of stroke in Africa: a glance at the present and a glimpse into the future
Authors: Owolabi, Mayowa O
Akarolo-Anthony, Sally
Akinyemi, Rufus
Arnett, Donna
Gebregziabher, Mulugeta
Jenkins, Carolyn
Tiwari, Hemant
Arulogun, Oyedunni
Sarfo, Fred Stephen
Akpalu, Albert...et.al
Keywords: Stroke
Africa
Epidemiology
Incidence
Mortality
Prevalence
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: CVJ AFRICA
Citation: CVJ AFRICA , Volume 26, No 2, H3Africa Supplement, March/April 2015
Abstract: Objective: Information on the current burden of stroke in Africa is limited. The aim of this review was to comprehensively examine the current and projected burden of stroke in Africa. Methods: We systematically reviewed the available literature (PubMed and AJOL) from January 1960 and June 2014 on stroke in Africa. Percentage change in age-adjusted stroke incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for African countries between 1990 and 2010 were calculated from the Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) model-derived figures. Results: Community-based studies revealed an age-standardised annual stroke incidence rate of up to 316 per 100 000 population, and age-standardised prevalence rates of up to 981 per 100 000. Model-based estimates showed significant mean increases in age-standardised stroke incidence. The peculiar factors responsible for the substantial disparities in incidence velocity, ischaemic stroke proportion, mean age and case fatality compared to high-income countries remain unknown. Conclusions: While the available study data and evidence are limited, the burden of stroke in Africa appears to be increasing.
Description: An article published by CVJ AFRICA , Volume 26, No 2, H3Africa Supplement, March/April 2015;DOI: 10.5830/CVJA-2015-038
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13399
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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