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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13229

Title: Exploring issues of safe sex and early pregnancies among Adolescent Girls in the East Gonja District of Ghana.
Authors: Kaba, Margaret
Keywords: Investigations
safe sex
early pregnancies
Adolescent Girls
East Gonja District
Ghana
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2020
Abstract: ABSTRACT Adolescent is transition period in the growth and development of an individual from childhood to adulthood, and usually occur between the ages of 10 and19. It is a space of life that is characterized with tremendous pace of growth and biological changes. The Adolescent experience physical and sexual maturation, and easily succumb to situations of early unsafe sex leading to contraction of sexually transmitted infections and early pregnancies. The study was therefore conducted to explore issues of safe sex and early pregnancies among adolescent females in the East Gonja District of Ghana. The study adopted cross-sectional design with the use of quantitative and qual approaches to finding out the issues surrounding safe sex and early pregnancies. Data were collected through qualitative method with the use of Focus Group Discussions (FGD), and quantitative method involved the use of structured questionnaires with both closed and opened-ended questions to elicit information from the primary respondents. Data were pre-coded and checked for correct responses and entry and analysed using STATA version 12.1 and presented into graphs and tables in proportions and percentages. Relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and early marriages were determined by chi-square test at a significant level of 5%. Average age of female adolescents was 16 (±2.2SD), more than three-quarters (81.2%) have ever heard about contraceptives, and 46.2% to have ever had sex and 68.4% reported to have ever used contraceptives. More than three-quarters (77.1%) had adequate knowledge safe sex practices as well as 58.6% of their partners. Average rate of early pregnancy was reported as 33.3%; with 65% were between 12-13 years, 14-15years were 22.7% and 12.1% were within 17-18 years. Among factors contributing to early pregnancies were; forced marriages, exchange sex for money and gifts, to enable them pay school fees, to satisfy pleasure and curiosity, and to earn a living (poverty). Socio-demographic factors found having significant relations to early pregnancy were marital status (p = 0.03), type of sub-district (p = 0.04), and residential status (p < 0.001). In conclusion, female adolescents’ safe sex practice was marginally high, and averagely high contraceptives use as well early pregnancy rate, and significant factors to include marital status, sub-district of origin and residential status.
Description: A thesis submitted to the department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Public Health in Population and Reproductive health, 2019.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13229
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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