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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13227

Title: Evaluating the compatibility of school furniture and Anthropometry of Kindergarten and class one (1) school children in the Asokore Mampong Municipality
Authors: Mensah, Claudia Andoh
Newton, Sam
Keywords: Evaluation and compatibility
School furniture And Anthropometry
Kindergarten
Class one (1) school children
Asokore Mampong Municipality
Ashanti Region
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2020
Abstract: School children spend over 80% of their school time in a seated position. It is therefore important that school furniture fit the student’s anthropometric dimensions. However, ergonomic principles are conservatively applied on adult work places to ensure safety of the working environment without consideration for the work places of children which is the school environment. This study was therefore carried out to assess the compatibility of kindergarten and class one pupils to their school furniture in the Asokore Mampong Municipality. The study was quantitative in nature. Anthropometric dimensions of 396 healthy students without physical deformity were taken in standing and sitting positions. The existing furniture dimensions were equally taken in centimeters by measuring tape. A statistical-software, Stata 14.1 was used to calculate the mean value, maximum and minimum percentile values in anthropometry (ie. 5th,95th and 99th percentiles) and standard deviation value to describe the physical characteristics of the data obtained. A comparison of the anthropometric measures and the furniture used by students were done to identify a match or mismatch of the furniture to the students. The seat to desk clearance was highly inappropriate for the student population concerned. A seat to desk clearance is said to be appropriate when the desk clearance is higher by at least 2 cm of the knee. In our study population, none of the seat to desk clearance met this standard criterion. The seat depth provided for the kindergarten 1 and 2 students in the relatively low socioeconomic area schools in the municipality as well as those provided for the class 1 students in the relatively low socioeconomic area schools were shorter than the ideal seat depth hence the thigh will not be fully supported and extra pressure will be distributed on the back of the thigh causing discomfort. The seat depth of the kindergarten 1 and class 1 students in the relatively high socioeconomic area schools were also higher than the ideal seat depth which prevents students from using the backrest for lumbar support. The seat width of all classes was ideal to support the hip with except for students in kindergarten one of the relatively high socioeconomic area. The kindergarten 1 students in the relatively low socioeconomic area schools had an ideal seat to desk height that provided the students room to work within the acceptable elbow rest height. The kindergarten 2 students in the relatively low socioeconomic area schools also had an appropriate seat to desk height where they could work within their seated elbow height with no discomfort. All other classes in the relatively high and low socioeconomic area schools had to work outside the acceptable elbow rest height. The study concluded that there were considerable mismatches between body dimensions of the student population and the school furniture in use. The study therefore recommends the establishment of standards based on the anthropometry of Ghanaian school children by the Ghana Standards Authority in collaboration with other relevant institutions like the Ghana Statistical Service, the Ghana education service and all relevant stakeholders.
Description: A thesis submitted to the department of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety, School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science, Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13227
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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