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|Title: ||Assessment of sugarcane grown in wetlands polluted with wastewater|
|Authors: ||Oppong, Agnes|
Ofori, Linda Aurelia
|Issue Date: ||29-Mar-2018|
|Publisher: ||Cogent Environmental Science|
|Citation: ||Cogent Environmental Science (2018), 4: 1455277|
|Abstract: ||Wastewater effluents directly discharged into nearby stream are eventually
used to irrigate plants like sugarcane in Ghana. In this study, 24 triplicates
sugarcane stems (sugarcane juice was extracted), 24 triplicates soil samples and 8
triplicates water samples were collected from sugarcane farms in four communities
in Ashanti region of Ghana. Two of the communities were exposed to wastewater
while the other two without wastewater contamination served as control. Metals
(Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, and Fe) concentration were determined in the digested samples using
Spectra AA 220 flame atomic absorption spectrometer. The Pb concentration in all
sugarcane juice samples ranged between 12.65 and 145.0 μg/L. The mean Cu concentration
of the sugarcane juice samples varied between 11.28 and 156.00 μg/L.
In general, there were decrease in metals investigated in sugarcane juice as you
move away from the stream. However, the reduction was more pronounced in the
hotspot sampling areas than control sampling areas. The EDI value was 9.76 × 10−4,
2.94 × 10−5, 1.09 × 10−3, and 9.07 × 10−3 (mg/kg-day) for Pb, Cd, Cu, and Fe, respectively.
Mean hazard quotient (HQ) for the metals studied ranged from 0.036 (Fe) to
0.286 (Pb). The results of this study indicate that sugarcane is able to grow in soils
where some metals are accumulated. High levels of metals were pronounced in sugarcane
originating from wastewater polluted soils as those considered in this study.
The consumption of normal quantity of sugarcane juice may not present detrimental
health concerns through a lifetime based on the metals contents alone.|
|Description: ||This article has been published in Cogent Environmental Science and is available in https://doi.org/10.1080/23311843.2018.1455277|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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