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|Title: ||Incidence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among football players in Ashanti Region of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Afrifa, Daniel|
Afriyie, Appiah Collins
Moses, Monday Omoniyi
|Keywords: ||Cardiovascular Disease|
Fasting Plasma Glucose
|Issue Date: ||22-Oct-2019|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Sport Studies for Health|
|Abstract: ||Background: Sporting activity promotes healthy living, increases health benefits, mitigates some chronic disease conditions and
prevents premature death. Cardiovascular disease risks during sports activities and exercises are low but in some instances of undiagnosed
pathological cardiac conditions, players could be at the risk of tragic cardiovascular events.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of high blood pressure, abnormal fasting blood sugar and lipid
profiles, as probable cardiovascular disease risk factors among male soccer players.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was used and 86 football players of the premier, 1st and 2nd divisions’ teams were used for the
study. The blood pressure and biochemical markers such as fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles of the players were assessed.
Results: Out of the 86 players, 8 (9.3%) were goalkeepers, 29 (33.7%) were defenders, 34 (39.5%) were midfielders, while 15 (17.4%) were
strikers. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes among the study population were 9.3% each. The most prevalent abnormality
was reduced high density lipoprotein (38.4%), followed by hypercholesterolemia (27.9%) and (7.0%) high low density lipoprotein
Conclusions: The incidence of high blood pressure, high blood glucose, reduced high density lipoprotein and hypercholesterolemia
observed in the study indicate that the players are at increased risks of cardiovascular diseases.|
|Description: ||An article published by International Journal of Sport Studies for Health and also available at doi: 10.5812/intjssh.98153.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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