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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12834

Title: Sedimentation and sediment core profile of heavy metals in the Owabi reservoir in Ghana
Authors: Nartey, Nora N.
Hogarh, Jonathan N.
Antwi‐Agyei, Philip
Nukpezah, Daniel
Abaidoo, Robert C.
et. al
Keywords: chemical contamination
Owabi
reservoir
sediment core
Issue Date: 21-May-2019
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
Citation: Nartey NN, Hogarh JN, Antwi‐Agyei P, Nukpezah D, Abaidoo RC, Obiri‐Danso K. Sedimentation and sediment core profile of heavy metals in the Owabi reservoir in Ghana. Lakes & Reserv. 2019;24:173–180. https ://doi. org/10.1111/lre.12270
Abstract: Tropical reservoirs are important for numerous socioeconomic and ecological reasons, including water supply, fishing and flood control. These functions are easily compromised, however, when reservoirs undergo accelerated sedimentation with increased inputs of chemical contaminants. The present study applied the concept of sediment core analysis to evaluate the sedimentation rate in Owabi Reservoir, which has served as a source of drinking water supply in Kumasi, Ghana, for nearly a century. The temporal variation of contamination from heavy metals was also assessed over this period. The sedimentation rate for Owabi Reservoir was estimated to be 6.82 mm/year, suggesting a relatively low rate of sedimentation, which is ecologically healthy in preventing a rapid loss of reservoir water volume. Heavy metal concentrations in the sediment cores taken from the reservoir reflected varying degree of contamination from the 1930s to 2010s. The concentration of iron (Fe) (1,560–1,770 mg/kg) was found to be the highest among the metals in the sediment core, while mercury (Hg) concentration (0.01–0.04 mg/kg) was the lowest. Lead (Pb) contamination peaked in the 1980s. Arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg) contamination exhibited more recent peaks in the 2000s, coinciding with recent widespread issues of artisanal and small‐scale gold mining (ASGM) in Ghana. Thus, even though ASGM activities are known to occur in remote districts, releases from such activities might eventually contaminate reservoirs designated as urban drinking water supplies.
Description: An article published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd and also available at DOI: 10.1111/lre.12270
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12834
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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