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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12725

Title: Current meningitis outbreak in Ghana: Historicalperspectives and the importance of diagnostics
Authors: Kwarteng, Alexander
Amuasi, John
Annan, Augustina
Ahuno, Samuel
Opare, David
et. al
Keywords: Meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Vaccine
Serotype
Antibiotics
Ghana
Issue Date: 16-Jan-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: warteng, Alexander, Amuasi, John, Annan,Augustina, Ahuno, Samuel, Opare, David, Nagel, Michael, Vinnemeier,Christof, May, J ̈urgen, Owusu-Dabo, Ellis, Current meningitis outbreak inGhana: Historical perspectives and the importance of diagnostics.Acta Tropicahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.01.014
Abstract: Bacterial meningitis continuesto be one of the most dreadedinfections in sub-Saharan Africaand other countries that fallin the “meningitis belt” due to recurrent nature of the infection and the sequel of deliberating effects amongsurvivors even after treatment.Ghana has had recurrent epidemics in the past but has been free from high mortality levels. Whereas reasons for thelow reported number of deaths in the past are unclear, we hypothesize that it may be due to increased vaccinationfrom expanded program onimmunization(EPI)and consequent herd immunity of the general population.As at the end of February,2016,100individualswere reportedto havediedout of 500 recorded cases. The infection may cause severe brain damage and kills at least 1 out of 10 individuals if quick interventions are not provided.The Ghana Health Service(GHS)and the Ministry of Health(MoH), together with other local and international stakeholders are working intensely to control thespread of the infection in affected communities with treatment and other health management programmes.This review presents a quick overview of meningitis in Ghana with emphasis on S.pneumoniae(responsible for about 70% of casesin the recent epidemic)together with some recommendations aimed at ensuring a “meningitis-free Ghana”.
Description: An article published by Elsevier and also available at http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.01.014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12725
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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