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|Title: ||Palp ratio as a field identification tool for two members of the Anopheles gambiae complex in Ghana (A. melas and A. gambiae)|
|Authors: ||Sylverken, Augustina Angelina|
Kruppa, Thomas Florian
|Keywords: ||Anopheles melas|
|Issue Date: ||Dec-2015|
|Publisher: ||BioMed Central|
|Citation: ||Annan et al. Parasites & Vectors (2015) 8:295. Palp ratio as a field identification tool for two members of the Anopheles gambiae complex in Ghana (A. melas and A. gambiae). DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0913-3|
|Abstract: ||Background: The Anopheles gambiae Giles complex is the most widely studied and the most important insect
vector group. We explored the use of the palp ratio method as a field tool to identify A. melas and A. gambiae in
Methods: Human landing catches were conducted to collect mosquitoes in the coastal area of Western Region of
Ghana. Palps were removed and segments 3 and 4 + 5 measured using a compound microscope. DNA extraction
and downstream PCR for species identification was carried out using the legs and wings. Known A. gambiae
collected from the Ashanti Region of Ghana were used for comparison.
Results: A total of 2120 A. gambiae were collected. Lengths of segments 3 and 4 + 5 were significantly correlated
in samples from both regions. Using a palp ratio of 0.81 as the cut-off value, 14.9 % outliers (≥0.81) from our study
area were confirmed by PCR as A. melas. PCR also confirmed outliers from the Ashanti Region with palp ratio < 0.81
(10.2 %) as A. gambiae.
Conclusion: The palp ratio method proved to be a useful tool to identify populations of salt and freshwater A.
melas and A. gambiae.|
|Description: ||An article published by BioMed Central and also available at DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0913-3|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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