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|Title: ||Africa’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic: A review of the nature of the virus, impacts and implications for preparedness [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]|
|Authors: ||Badu, Kingsley|
Thorn, Jessica P.R.
Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis
|Issue Date: ||18-May-2020|
|Publisher: ||AAS Open Research|
|Citation: ||Badu K, Thorn JPR, Goonoo N et al. Africa’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic: A review of the nature of the virus, impacts and implications for preparedness [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review] AAS Open Research 2020, 3:19 https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13060.1|
|Abstract: ||Background: COVID-19 continues to wreak havoc in different countries
across the world, claiming thousands of lives, increasing morbidity and
disrupting lifestyles. The global scientific community is in urgent need of
relevant evidence, to understand the challenges and knowledge gaps, as
well as the opportunities to contain the spread of the virus. Considering the
unique socio-economic, demographic, political, ecological and climatic
contexts in Africa, the responses which may prove to be successful in other
regions may not be appropriate on the continent. This paper aims to provide
insight for scientists, policy makers and international agencies to contain
the virus and to mitigate its impact at all levels.
Methods: The Affiliates of the African Academy of Sciences (AAS), came
together to synthesize the current evidence, identify the challenges and
opportunities to enhance the understanding of the disease. We assess the
potential impact of this pandemic and the unique challenges of the disease on African nations. We examine the state of Africa’s preparedness and
make recommendations for steps needed to win the war against this
pandemic and combat potential resurgence.
Results: We identified gaps and opportunities among cross-cutting issues
which is recommended to be addressed or harnessed in this pandemic.
Factors such as the nature of the virus and the opportunities for drug
targeting, point of care diagnostics, health surveillance systems, food
security, mental health, xenophobia and gender-based violence, shelter for
the homeless, water and sanitation, telecommunications challenges,
domestic regional coordination and financing.
Conclusion: Based on our synthesis of the current evidence, while there
are plans for preparedness in several African countries, there are significant
limitations. Multi-sectoral efforts from the science, education, medical,
technological, communication, business and industry sectors as well as
local communities is required in order to win this fight.|
|Description: ||An article published by AAS Open Research and also available at https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13060.1|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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