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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12316

Title: Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2 (PfHRP2) diversity in Ghana
Authors: Addai-Mensah, Otchere
Dinko, Bismarck
Noagbe, Mark
Ameke, Selassie Louis
Annani-Akollor, Max Efui
et. al
Keywords: Malaria,
Plasmodium falciparum
histidine-rich protein 2,
Rapid diagnostic test,
Ghana
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Research Square
Abstract: Background: In the absence of microscopy, Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich proteins 2 (PfHRP2)-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are recommended for the diagnosis of falciparum malaria, particularly in endemic regions. However, genetic variability of the PfHRP2 gene threatens the usefulness of the test. This study aimed to investigate the diversity of PfHRP2 in malaria cases among children in Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Adidome Government Hospital in the Volta Region of Ghana. A total of 50 children with mean age of 6.6±3.5 years and diagnosed of falciparum malaria were included. Blood samples were collected for complete blood count, malaria parasite identification and counting. DNA samples were amplified and sequenced. Nucleotide sequences were translated in silico to corresponding amino acids and the deduced amino acids sequences were analyzed for diversity. Results: The number of repeats and number of each repeat within PfHRP2 varied between isolates. Twelve rare PfHRP2 repeat types, two of which are previously unreported, were identified in this study. Our HRP2 sequence shared high similarity with isolates from Kenya. Using Baker’s regression model, Group B was the highest occurring type (58.0%). Screening of all sequences for epitopes recognized by PfHRP2-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), we found the predominant motif to be AHHAADAHH, which is recognized by the C1-13 mAbs. Conclusion: This study reports diversity of P. falciparum histidine-rich proteins 2 in samples from Ghanaian children with symptomatic malaria. We highlight the existence of extra amino acid repeat types which adds to the PfHRP2 antigenic variability. The findings of this study will contribute to the understanding of the performance of PfHRP2-based RDTs in the Ghanaian setting.
Description: An article published by Research Square and also available at 10.21203/rs.3.rs-15776/v1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12316
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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