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|Title: ||Differences in Haematological and Biochemical Parameters of Athletes and Non-Athletes|
|Authors: ||Baffour-Awuah, Biggie|
Moses, Monday Omoniyi
Ibekwe, Blessing Chidimma
|Keywords: ||Sports participation;|
|Issue Date: ||30-Dec-2017|
|Publisher: ||Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research|
|Citation: ||24(12): 1-5, 2017; Article no.JAMMR.38217 ISSN: 2456-8899 (Past name: British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, Past ISSN: 2231-0614, NLM ID: 101570965|
|Abstract: ||Aims: Researches show that sports participation has its own inherent haematological and
biochemical adaptations. Although studies have reported that athletes are at vantage level as
compare to non-athletes in physiological parameters, whether it extends to haematological and
biochemical parameters at rest has not been reported. This study investigated the differences in
some haematological and biochemical parameters between athletes and non-athletes at rest.
Study Design: The study used descriptive cross-sectional design.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Sports and Exercise Science, between October
2016 and April 2017.Methodology: Five milliliters blood samples of 23 university students [Mean age = 21.35 ± 2.04
years, 11 athletes (mean age = 21.45 ± 2.46 years), 12 non-athletes (mean age = 21.25 ± 1.66
years)] were collected (within 8-10 hours post prandial) and after at least 24 hours of last sports
participation/practice. Blood samples were run for haematological and biochemical analysis.
Results: Differences in red blood cell (P = 0.782), haemoglobin, (P = 0.797), haematocrit (P =
0.655), white blood cell (P = 0.249), lymphocytes (P = 0.740), neutrophil (P = 0.104), platelets (P =
0.372), platelet crit (P = 0.226), mean platelet volume (P = 0.603), urea (P = 0.082), creatinine (P =
0.123), sodium (P =0.488), chloride (P = 0.308) and potassium (P = 0.076) between athletes and
non-athletes were not significant.
Conclusion: At rest, athletes and non-athletes had no significant differences in haematological
and biochemical parameters. Hence, sports participation should not be solely implicated in the
changes associated with haematological and biochemical parameters of individuals.|
|Description: ||An article published by Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research and also available at DOI: 10.9734/JAMMR/2017/38217|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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