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|Title: ||Overview of surface to near‑surface atmospheric profles over selected domain during the QWeCI project|
|Authors: ||Amekudzi, L.K.|
Atiah, W. A.
Osei, M. A.
|Issue Date: ||4-Jul-2018|
|Publisher: ||Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics|
|Citation: ||Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 10.1007|
Assessing the evolution of surface to near-surface atmospheric fuxes is key to improving our understanding of their interactions, while further advancing climate applications. In this paper, an overview of the diurnal to seasonal evolution of some
surface to near-surface atmospheric fuxes, coupled with their interactions, have been provided. Fluxes of downwelling and
upwelling radiation (SW↓, SW↑, LW↓, LW↑), soil heat fux (ΔH), relative humidity (RH), rainfall (RR) and surface air temperature (T), measured from two diferent locations (Owabi and KNUST) and at a temporal resolution of 10 min, encompassing
the quantifying weather and climate impact (QWeCI) Project period (2011–2013), were used to assess their relationship on
diurnal to seasonal scales. First, diurnal assessments of the various profles were performed. These provided information
on the relatively active daytime, with the earth surface exposed to substantial SW↓, initiating rising and sinking thermals
which subsequently increased T and ΔH, with reductions in RH until few hours after midday, beyond which a reversal was
observed. Also, ΔH from the vegetative terrain (Owabi) was found to be directed into the surface at daytime, and released
from the sub-surface layer back into the atmosphere at night time, compensating the energy loss by LW↑ from the surface.
Furthermore, rainfall (RR) in both locations were found to be generally convective and occurring mostly between 1500 GMT
and 2300 GMT. The relationship between net radiation (RN) and RR is presently statistically unclear, although rainfall peaks
were found to be occurring at low RN and relatively warmer T, accompanied by high RH. Thereafter, seasonal assessments
were performed to capture the monthly-averaged diurnal variabilities in the measured surface to near-surface parameters.
These showed heightened daytime T, ΔH and RN, coupled with relatively low RH within the dry seasons, and more reduced
profles within the monsoon season. Additionally, countrywide assessments were performed using ERA-5 datasets which
showed similarities with the in situ data. However, convective rains over the domain were not fully resolved in ERA-5.
Nonetheless, the fndings of this study are essential to understanding surface energy balance processes in tropical, humid
climates, which is important for various climate-impact modeling applications and policy formulations over the region.|
|Description: ||This article is published in Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics and also available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00703-018-0618-1|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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