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|Title: ||Prevalence and knowledge of hypertension among people living in rural communities in Ghana: a mixed method study|
|Authors: ||Agyei-Baffour, Peter|
Quansah, Dan Yedu
|Issue Date: ||11-Jan-2018|
|Publisher: ||African Health Sciences|
|Citation: ||African Health Sciences,18(4):931|
|Abstract: ||Background: Knowledge and understanding of hypertension and its associated health risks remain inadequate despite increasing trend of hypertension prevalence. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence, knowledge and perceptions of hypertension in rural communities in Ghana.
Methods: A mixed method study involving 534 subjects was employed. Data was collected in six communities from May to
December 2014 with structured questionnaires and interview guides. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to estimate the
inﬂuence of the socio-demographic factors on knowledge of hypertension. Qualitative data was thematically analyzed.
Results: The mean systolic blood pressure (BP) was higher in men than women (127.42mmHg versus 124.42mmHg). The proportion of hypertensives was 21.4% and was higher among men in all age categories. Knowledge on some risk factors of hypertension was extremely low. Having formal education was associated with higher odds of knowledge of hypertension (Adjusted
odds ratio [AOR]; 95% confdence interval [CI]=2.28; 1.25-4.16). Several misconceptions such as the use of agro-chemicals,
fertilizers and excess vitamins were identifed as causes of hypertension.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates an increased prevalence of hypertension, knowledge gaps and misconceptions surrounding hypertension in rural communities in Ghana. This evidence is useful in streamlining interventional programmes aimed at
improving knowledge and prevention of hypertension.|
|Description: ||This article is published in African Health Sciences, November 2018,18(4)and available atDOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i4.12|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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