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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11575

Title: Application of mosquito repellent coils and associated self‑reported health issues in Ghana
Authors: Hogarh, Jonathan N.
Antwi-Agyei, Philip
Obiri-Danso, Kwasi
Keywords: Malaria
Mosquito coil
Mosquito net
Indoor residual spraying
Acute respiratory infections (ARI)
Indoor air pollution
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Malaria Journal
Citation: Malaria Journal, (2016) 15:61; DOI 10.1186/s12936-016-1126-8
Abstract: Background: The use of mosquito coils has gained widespread patronage in malaria-endemic countries, even though it is not a recommended preventive measure for avoiding mosquitoes. Mosquito coils contain insecticides, which are expected to vaporize slowly once the coil is lit, to provide protection against the mosquito. The mosquito coil base material contains a variety of compounds capable of burning slowly to gradually release the insecticide. The mosquito coil smoke, however, is potentially a source of indoor air pollution with implications for acute respiratory infections (ARI) and other illnesses. The present study investigated the application of mosquito coils and associated self-reported health issues in Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in which questionnaires were randomly administered to 480 households across four districts in Ghana. Respondents who exclusively applied mosquito coils were grouped as test cohort, while those who did not apply any mosquito repellency method constituted a control cohort. Results: The test group that applied mosquito coils reported malaria incidence rate of 86.3 %. The control group that did not apply any mosquito repellency method reported an incidence rate of malaria at 72.4 %. Chi square analysis suggested that the observed difference was statistically significant (x2 = 4.25; p = 0.04). The number of respondents who reported symptoms of cough from mosquito coil application (52.6 % incidence rate) was marginally greater than their counterparts who did not apply coils (46.1 % incidence rate). It was also found that respondents with shortage of breath, which was used as a proxy for ARI, were more likely to have applied mosquito coil. Conclusions: The application of mosquito coils did not necessarily reduce the incidence of malaria in the study communities. It however presented a potential respiratory risk factor, which should be further investigated by critically examining exposure to particulate matter emissions from burning coils.
Description: An article published in Malaria Journal, (2016) 15:61; DOI 10.1186/s12936-016-1126-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11575
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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