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|Title: ||Characterising the nature of household vulnerability to climate variability: empirical evidence from two regions of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Antwi-Agyei, Philip|
Dougill, Andrew J.
Fraser, Evan D. G.
Stringer, Lindsay C.
|Keywords: ||Climate variability|
|Issue Date: ||2013|
|Publisher: ||Environ Dev Sustain|
|Citation: ||Environ Dev Sustain, (2013), 15:903–926; DOI 10.1007/s10668-012-9418-9|
|Abstract: ||This paper builds on national- and regional-level vulnerability assessments by
developing and applying a livelihood vulnerability index at the community and household
scales to explore the nature of climate vulnerability. It provides innovative methodological
steps in relation to livelihood assessment to identify the vulnerability of households and
communities to drought. This will help to improve drought vulnerability assessments in
Ghana and more widely as it shows extra information can be obtained from local-level
vulnerability assessment that may be lacking in national- and regional-level analysis. The
research employs quantitative and qualitative data collected through participatory methods,
key informant interviews and a questionnaire survey with 270 households across 6 communities
in two regions in Ghana. Results show that within the same agroecological zone,
households and communities experience different degrees of climate vulnerability. These
differences can be largely explained by socioeconomic characteristics such as wealth and
gender, as well as access to capital assets. Results identify vulnerable households within
resilient communities as well as more resilient households within vulnerable communities.
These outliers are studied in detail. It is found that outlier households in vulnerable
communities have an array of alternative livelihood options and tend to be socially well
connected, enabling them to take advantage of opportunities associated with environmental
and economic changes. To sustain and enhance the livelihoods of vulnerable households
and communities, policymakers need to identify and facilitate appropriate interventions
that foster asset building, improve institutional capacity as well as build social capital.|
|Description: ||An article published in Environ Dev Sustain, (2013), 15:903–926; DOI 10.1007/s10668-012-9418-9|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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