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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11455

Title: Historical overview of housing provision in pre and post-independence Ghana
Authors: Kwofie, Titus Ebenezer
Adinyira, Emmanuel
Botchway, Edward Ayebeng
Keywords: Ghana
Housing
Mortgage
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER)
Citation: West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 19-21 July 2011, Accra, Ghana, 541-557.
Abstract: Housing undoubtedly remains one of the essential needs of man among food and clothing from creation. Meeting this essential need has witnessed different interventions that span several centuries from individuals, community self help, corporate organisations, NGO‘s to governments. From the Palaeolithic era interventions have taken the forms of caves, make shift tents, nomadic artefacts, traditional mud houses, wooden houses etc. These efforts to meet the housing needs have been greatly influenced by nature of requirement, ethnicity, geographical location, colonial impact and national policy direction. In Ghana, the rate of housing delivery has been erratic and often fallen short of the demand. This has culminated into several developmental problems such as high unaffordable rent, development of slumps and ghettos and huge housing deficits that will take sustained efforts over long periods to correct. In Ghana, diverse efforts have been expounded by many key players before and after independence to provide this need of man. Until recently, housing provision was the responsibility of the government and few individuals who could afford. A critical analysis of the situation from pre independence to date posits interesting features- (1. In 2005, Ghana had an estimated 5.4 million slum dwellers, 2. Current statistics rate Ghana‘s housing deficit over one million as against an annual estimated delivery of 37,000 and 3. Besides less than 15% of the population can afford house ownership by mortgage and less than 8% without mortgage) -which give a solid background for future national policy direction on housing provision. Historically, housing provision in Ghana has evolved through several paradigm and fragmented unsustained interventions due to several factors. This paper presents a historical overview of housing provision in Ghana. It attempts to systematically bring to bare the challenges of housing delivery by reviewing past and present housing schemes and also collect the views of various key actors through semi-structured interviews
Description: An article published in West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 19-21 July 2011, Accra, Ghana, 541-557.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11455
Appears in Collections:College of Architecture and Planning

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