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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11359

Title: A study of concrete properties using phyllite as coarse aggregates
Authors: Owusu Afrifa, Russell
Adom-Asamoah, Mark
Keywords: Phyllite
Issue Date: 27-Mar-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: M. Adom-Asamoah and R. O. Afrifa, “A study of concrete properties using phyllite as coarse aggregates,” Mater. Des., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 4561–4566, 2010
Abstract: Nowadays, industrial activities generate a huge amount of waste. One such activity is underground mining which generates phyllite wastes that are recycled as coarse aggregates for use in concrete production. Aggregate use in concrete is dependent on availability. This paper reports of an experimental study on some of the physical and mechanical properties of phyllite aggregate concrete as compared to granite (conventional) aggregate concrete. The obtained physical and mechanical properties of both aggregates for specific gravity, water absorption (%), dry density, aggregate impact value (%), aggregate crushing value (%), 10% fines, elongation index (%), flakiness index (%) and Los Angeles abrasion values satisfied minimum requirements for aggregates suitable for concrete production. Five mixes of concrete mix proportions designated M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 were cast using phyllite and granite aggregates. A total of 400 concrete cubes and 210 modulus of rupture beams were cast and cured by total submerging in water for ages 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 90, 180 and 360 days before compression and bending tests were performed. The results show that the trends in the development of compressive and bending strengths of plain phyllite concrete were similar to those in granite (conventional) aggregate concrete. However the compressive and bending strengths of phyllite concrete mixes were on the average 15–20% lower than those of the corresponding granite concrete mixes at all ages. The same concrete mix proportions gave lower concrete classes for phyllite compared to granite with the exception of the lowest grade. This was probably because the flakiness and elongation properties coupled with reactive materials in phyllite aggregates affect the absorption and bond characteristics of its concrete
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11359
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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