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Title: Anti-Microbial and Phyto-Chemical Properties of Crude Extracts of Garcinia kola Heckel Stems Used for Oral Health
Authors: Antwi-Boasiako, C.
Abubakari, A.
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Research Journal of Pharmacology
Citation: Research Journal of Pharmacology Volume: 5 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 68-76
Abstract: Garcinia kola Heckel is conventionally used for oral cleanliness. Anti-bacterial properties of aqueous extracts from its stem-wood and bark were investigated against Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli (gram +ve and -ve bacteria, respectively) using Agar-diffusion assay and measured in mean┬▒standard deviation. Notable toothpaste (Pepsodent) was the standard/positive control. Its Inhibition Zone (IZ) against each isolate was compared with those of the extracts and sterile distilled water and the Activity Indices (AI) for each extract established. Phyto-chemical composition of the extracts was also determined. The extracts showed considerable inhibitory activities against the isolates. Their inhibition zones (4.50-10.50 mm) compare well with that for the standard against E. coli (3.00 mm) and B. subtilis (16.50 mm). Inhibition zone (6.00-10.50 mm) and activity index (0.36-0.64) for B. subtilis show it is more susceptible than E. coli (IZ = 0.00-7.50 mm; AI = 0.00-2.50). Stem-position influenced its anti-bacterial characteristics; the bark was more effective and exhibited greater IZ range (4.50-10.50 mm) with AI (0.64-2.00) than the wood (IZ = 0-7.50 mm; AI = 0.00-2.50). B. subtilis was more susceptible and showed less resistance to the extracts (AI = 0.36-0.64) than E. coli (AI = 0.00-2.00) which exhibited significant antibacterial activity. Phyto-chemical screening revealed G. kola contains saponins, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids which also indicate its anti-microbial and therapeutic capabilities. This supports folkloric claim that its chewing-sticks are an effective tool for oral cleanliness alongside conventional toothpastes; their purified extracts could be employed in pharmaceutical formulations.
Description: Article published in the Research Journal of Pharmacology, 2011 found at DOI: 10.3923/rjpharm.2011.68.76
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11301
ISSN: 1815-9362
Appears in Collections:College of Agric and Natural Resources

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