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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11255

Title: Commodity prices, exchange rate and economic growth in West Africa: Case study of Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana
Authors: Ofori-Abebrese, Grace
Ofori-Abebrese, Julien
Becker Pickson, Robert
Keywords: Cocoa price
cocoa export
inflation
exchange rate
economic growth
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2017
Publisher: Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Citation: Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics:Vol. 9(9), pp. 269-277, September 2017 DOI: 10.5897/JDAE2017.0842 Article Number: 823C96265840
Abstract: Some West African countries have extensive access to natural resources and rely heavily on revenues from the export of these primary commodities. The heavy dependence of Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire on revenues from the exportation of cocoa raises the possibility that these economies are vulnerable to external commodity price fluctuations. This paper seeks to examine the relationship between cocoa prices, exchange rate and economic growth using time series data for the period 1980 to 2011. Using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) modelling approach, the study found intriguing results. The study revealed that higher cocoa price reduces long-run economic growth in Ghana but cannot be an important ingredient in short-run growth. In Cote d’Ivoire, it does not play any significant role in both long-run and short-run economic growth. Increases in cocoa exports rather enhance economic growth of the two countries. Appreciation of the Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) franc enhances economic growth but that of the Ghana Cedi is only in the short-run. Higher rates of inflation reduce economic growth of Ghana but enhance that of Cote d’Ivoire. Improvements in life expectancy augment economic growth in Ghana but reduce that of Cote d’Ivoire.
Description: Article published in the Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11255
ISSN: 2006-9774
Appears in Collections:College of Arts and Social Sciences

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