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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11148

Title: Sero-prevalence and occupational risk factors for Brucella infection among slaughterhouse workers and butchers in Kumasi, Ghana
Authors: Amegashie, Esimebia Adjovi
Owusu-Dabo, Ellis
Salifu, Samson Pandam
Afum-Adjei Awuah, Anthony
Baffour-Awuah, Sandra
Addofoh, Nicholas
Annan, Augustina
Winter, Christian Henrik
Keywords: Brucella
Risk factor
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Journal of Epidemiological Research
Citation: Journal of Epidemiological Research 2017, Vol. 3, No. 1
Abstract: Brucellosis remains neglected in many countries despite its public health importance. In developing countries such as Ghana, there remains paucity of data particularly among high-risk populations such as slaughterhouse workers. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Brucella infection and risk factors for its transmission among people working in and around slaughterhouses. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 220 participants selected through a stratified sampling method. Participants were interviewed about their knowledge on Brucella and their occupational activities using a structured questionnaire. Collected serum samples were analyzed for anti-Brucella Immunoglobulin M (IgM) and Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Data was analyzed using uni-and multivariate logistic regression models. From 220 participants, anti-Brucella IgM- and IgG antibodies were detected in 4 (1.8%) and 21 (9.6%), respectively. 9.3% of the participants with animal contact at work (5/54) and 11.5% of those working in meat processing (17/148) have heard about Brucella and its transmission mode. Most of the anti-Brucella IgG seropositive individuals (17/21) were working in the meat processing category (OR 2.2; 95% CI 0.6-7.9; p = .22). Multivariate analysis showed that job duration was significantly associated with seropositivity to Brucella IgG (OR 1.31; 95% CI 0.9-1.8, p-value .03). The findings demonstrate recent and past Brucella infections among workers of the Kumasi abattoir with a high risk for less educated meat processing staff. Thus, intensive educational programmes on Brucella designed for workers with high risks and improving workplace protection policy are recommended.
Description: An article published by Journal of Epidemiological Research 2017, Vol. 3, No. 1., Available online at: DOI: 10.5430/jer.v3n1p17 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/jer.v3n1p17
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11148
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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