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|Title: ||Herbal Medicines Used in the Treatment of Typhoid in the Ga East Municipality of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Bekoe, Emelia Oppong|
|Keywords: ||Typhoid fever|
Anti-typhoid herbal medicinal formulations
Active plant constituents
|Issue Date: ||9-Jun-2017|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health|
|Citation: ||International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health 23(4): 1-13, 2017; Article no.IJTDH.31448|
|Abstract: ||In Ghana, majority of the people patronize herbal medicines for the treatment of both chronic and
acute ailments as well as infectious and non-infectious diseases. As such, the use of herbs as
medicines in the treatment of enteric (typhoid) fever is very widespread.
Aims: This study therefore investigates anti-typhoidal herbal medicinal formulations that are for
sale on the Ghanaian market with regards to the contents on the product labels and assesses the
various active plant components in the light of documented evidence of their use in the treatment of
typhoid Methodology: Herbal products for the treatment of typhoid were sampled from herbal medicine
shops and pharmacies and assessed for the type of formulation, plant and non-plant constituents,
dosage, indications, treatment duration and contraindications.
Results: Majority of the products (87%, n=16) had registration numbers whilst 13% had none.
These anti-typhoid formulations were simultaneously recommended for the treatment of malaria
(56%) (9 out of 16 products), jaundice (31%), various types of pains (body pains, headache,
menstrual pains) (8%), stress (8%) and fatigue (8%). All the preparations had more than one plant
as its active constituent. Forty-four percent (44%) contained 2 plants species as the active
ingredients, 37% contained between 3 to 5 plant species, 13% contained 6 to 10 plant species and
6% contained more than 10 plant species. The most frequently occurring active plant constituents
of these products were Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae), Morinda lucida (Rubiaceae), Citrus
aurantifolia (Rutaceae), Vernonia amygdalina (Compositae) and Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae).
Conclusion: In all, thirty-four different plant species belonging to 25 families were found to be
present in these products. A literature search on the plants species showed that their traditional use
in the treatment of typhoid is well documented and hence their resulting formulations may as well
be very effective.|
|Description: ||An article published by International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health 23(4): 1-13, 2017; Article no.IJTDH.31448; DOI: 10.9734/IJTDH/2017/31448|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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