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|Title: ||Exploring the possibility of flood- resistant buildings in Accra, Ghana.|
|Authors: ||Duah, D.|
Oppong, R. A.
Osei Tutu, P.
|Keywords: ||Sustainable Development Goals|
|Issue Date: ||12-Apr-2017|
|Citation: ||ICIDA, 6th International Conference on infrastructure development in Africa|
|Abstract: ||Flooding is the most hazardous, frequent and widespread throughout the world. In Ghana, flooding constitutes a major form of its periodic disasters. The cardinal causes of the flooding have been attributed to poor development and spatial planning of residential areas, increasing rural-urban migration as well as inadequate information on the early warning signs. It has, however, become imperative to approach the issue of flooding also from an integrated design approach which is the primary aim of this research. The qualitative research approach through the use of comparative case studies of integrated design approach (mostly used in slums) elsewhere which is resistant to flood was considered. The scope of the research is focused in the ecological precinct of Agbobloshie (mainly Sodom and Gomorrah, areas around the Odaw river and the electronic waste sites), a suburb in Accra as it is one of the fastest growing cities in West Africa and also prone to flooding. Opinions of both the inhabitants of the area as well as professionals involved in the city’s planning and development were sampled in order to solicit their knowledge about the subject of residential flooding and to propose practical approaches aimed at mitigating the menace. This paper confirms from literature that the causes of the flood within the study area are spillage of the Odaw River, seasonal rainfall patterns improper sanitary conditions to poor drainage systems and layout. It was however recommended that a multi-faceted approach of dredging the Odaw
River and its associated lagoons as well as basic
architectural mechanisms (raising building on stilts and other floating systems) would be appropriate in approaching the recurrent disaster.|
|Description: ||In the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Infrastructure Development in Africa, 12th April, 2017, KNUST, Ghana.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Architecture and Planning|
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